- Understand the relationship of the mechanisms of cellular reproduction, patterns of inheritance and external factors to potential variation among offspring. - Infer patterns of heredity using information from Punnett squares and pedigree analysis. NCES.8.P.2 - Explain the environmental implications associated with the various methods of obtaining, managing, and using energy resources. NCES.8.E.1 - Understand the hydrosphere and the impact of humans on local systems and the effects of the hydrosphere on humans. - Summarize the life cycle of animals: Birth, Developing into an adult, Reproducing, Aging and death. - Explain the relationship among a healthy diet, exercise, and the general health of the body (emphasis on the relationship between respiration and digestion). - Summarize how energy from the sun serves as a source of light that warms the land, air and water. NCES.8.L.3 - Understand how organisms interact with and respond to the biotic and abiotic components of their environment. ; NCES.EEn.1.1.2 - Explain how the Earth's rotation and … - Explain how environmental conditions determine how well plants survive and grow. - Understand the relationship between sound and vibrating objects. NORTH CAROLINA ESSENTIAL STANDARDS Biology Download PDF High School Strand: Structure and Functions of Living Organisms NCES.Bio.1.1 - Understand the relationship between the structures and functions of cells and their organelles.. NCES.Bio.1.1.1 - Summarize the structure and function of organelles in eukaryotic cells (including: the nucleus, plasma membrane, cell wall, mitochondria, … NCES.2.P.2 - Understand properties of solids and liquids and the changes they undergo. NC Essential Science Standards: Physics. - Summarize aspects of biotechnology including:Specific genetic information available;Careers; Economic benefits to North Carolina;Ethical issues;Implications for agriculture. - Understand human body systems and how they are essential for life: protection, movement and support. - Compare the relative speeds (faster or slower) of objects that travel the same distance in different amounts of time. - Explain how kinetic and potential energy contribute to the mechanical energy of an object. Read more about NC Essential Science Standards: Seventh Grade; NC Essential Science Standards: Sixth Grade. - Compare characteristics of living and nonliving things in terms of their: Structure, Growth, Changes, Movement, Basic needs. - Explain how some forces (pushes and pulls) can be used to make things move without touching them, such as magnets. - Explain the relationship among visible light, the electromagnetic spectrum, and sight. NCES.K.P.2 - Understand how objects are described based on their physical properties and how they are used. The North Carolina Science Essential Standards are the curriculum articulated for students in grades K-12 science. - Compare the structures of the Earth's surface using models or three-dimensional diagrams. Grade 1 Science Unpacked Content Current as of March 28, 2011 This document is designed to help North Carolina educators teach the Essential Standards (Standard Course of Study). - Summarize how electrically charged objects push or pull on other electrically charged objects and produce motion. - Compare Earth's saltwater and freshwater features (including oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, and glaciers). 8.P.1.1 Classify matter as elements, compounds, or mixtures based on how the atoms are packed together in arrangements. - Compare the properties of waves to the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound. - Recognize patterns of observable changes in the Moon's appearance from day to day. NCES.4.P.3 - Recognize that energy takes various forms that may be grouped based on their interaction with matter. - Recognize that there is variation among individuals that are related. NCES.4.E.2 - Understand the use of fossils and changes in the surface of the earth as evidence of the history of Earth and its changing life forms. Return To Standards. - Compare weather patterns that occur over time and relate observable patterns to time of day and time of year. NCES.7.L.1 - Understand the processes, structures and functions of living organisms that enable them to survive, reproduce and carry out the basic functions of life. NCES.1.E.2 - Understand the physical properties of Earth materials that make them useful in different ways. - Understand the interdependence of plants and animals with their ecosystem. Matter: Properties and Changes. The Science Essential Standards are categorized into three strands: Earth Science, Life Science and Physical Science. PHYSICAL SCIENCE FORCES AND MOTION Understand motion in terms of speed, velocity, acceleration and momentum - Infer the motion of objects in terms of how far they travel in a certain amount of time and the direction in which they travel. - Explain how heating and cooling affect some materials and how this relates to their purpose and practical applications. - Understand characteristics of energy transfer and interactions of matter and energy. - Give examples of matter that change from a solid to a liquid and from a liquid to a solid by heating and cooling. NCES.5.L.3 - Understand why organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism. - Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another, and that light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed. North Carolina Extended Essential Standards Science 3-5 The Alternate Achievement Standards for Students With the Most Significant Cognitive Disabilities Non-Regulatory Guidance states, ò…materials should show a clear link to the content standards for the … - Compare Earth's land features (including volcanoes, mountains, valleys, canyons, caverns, and islands) by using models, pictures, diagrams, and maps. Unpacking 3rd grade science. - Compare fossils (including molds, casts, and preserved parts of plants and animals) to one another and to living organisms. - Explain the use of fossils, ice cores, composition of sedimentary rocks, faults, and igneous rock formations found in rock layers as evidence of the history of the Earth and its changing life forms. - Give examples of how the surface of the earth changes due to slow processes such as erosion and weathering, and rapid processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes. 21st Century Global Geography; African American Studies NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers. - Explain how the relative motion and relative position of the sun, Earth and moon affect the seasons, tides, phases of the moon, and eclipses. - Compare the weight of an object to the sum of the weight of its parts before and after an interaction. NCES.7.E.1.1 - Compare the composition, properties and structure of Earth's atmosphere to include: mixtures of gases and differences in … NCES.K.P.1 - Understand the positions and motions of objects and organisms observed in the environment. NORTH CAROLINA ESSENTIAL STANDARDS Subject. - Interpret distance versus time graphs for constant speed and variable motion. NCES.4.P.2 - Understand the composition and properties of matter before and after they undergo a change or interaction. North Carolina Extended Essential Standards Extended High School Life Science Note on Numbering: EX – Extended Standard LS – Life Science (LS) Life Science Essential Standard Clarifying Objective EX.LS.1 Apply safety measures and procedures in a variety of situations in the community and home. - Explain how the formation of soil is related to the parent rock type and the environment in which it develops. Grades K–5 Grades 6–8. - Explain how various forces affect the motion of an object. NCES.3.P.2 - Understand the structure and properties of matter before and after they undergo a change. NCES.5.L.1 - Understand how structures and systems of organisms (to include the human body) perform functions necessary for life. NCES.1.L.1 - Understand characteristics of various environments and behaviors that enable plants and animals to survive. - Understand the processes, structures and functions of living organisms that enable them to survive, reproduce and carry out the basic functions of life. different types of dogs, different types of cats, etc.) - Explain the impact of the environment and lifestyle choices on biological inheritance (to include common genetic diseases) and survival. - Understand how forces (pushes or pulls) affect the motion of an object. - Understand the effects of environmental changes, adaptations and behaviors that enable animals (including humans) to survive in changing habitats. - Compare the composition, properties and structure of Earth's atmosphere to include: mixtures of gases and differences in temperature and pressure within layers. - Understand the earth/moon/sun system, and the properties, structures and predictable motions of celestial bodies in the Universe. - Explain the influence of convection, global winds and the jet stream on weather and climatic conditions. - Explain the effect of heat on the motion of atoms through a description of what happens to particles during a change in phase. ES K-12. - Explain how magnets interact with all things made of iron and with other magnets to produce motion without touching them. EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE. - Summarize how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transferred within food chains and food webs (terrestrial and aquatic) from producers to consumers to decomposers. - Explain the monthly changes in the appearance of the moon, based on the moon's orbit around the Earth. NCES.2.L.2 - Remember that organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism. How to tell the difference between COVID-19, allergies and the flu. - Predict weather conditions and patterns based on information obtained from:Weather data collected from direct observations and measurement (wind speed and direction, air temperature, humidity and air pressure)Weather maps, satellites and radarCloud shapes and types and associated elevation. - Explain how the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed with respect to some other object. - Understand the physical properties of Earth materials that make them useful in different ways. - Explain how simple machines such as inclined planes, pulleys, levers and wheel and axels are used to create mechanical advantage and increase efficiency. - Understand properties of solids and liquids and the changes they undergo. - Explain the suitability of materials for use in technological design based on a response to heat (to include conduction, expansion, and contraction) and electrical energy (conductors and insulators). - Explain how the cycling of water in and out of the atmosphere and atmospheric conditions relate to the weather patterns on Earth. - Illustrate the transfer of heat energy from warmer objects to cooler ones using examples of conduction, radiation and convection and the effects that may result. - Explain how differences among animals of the same population sometimes give individuals an advantage in surviving and reproducing in changing habitats. - Compare the structures and life functions of single-celled organisms that carry out all of the basic functions of life including:Euglena;Amoeba;Paramecium;Volvox. NCES.1.L.2 - Summarize the needs of living organisms for energy and growth. NCES.K.L.1 - Compare characteristics of animals that make them alike and different from other animals and nonliving things. - Explain how humans can adapt their behavior to live in changing habitats (e.g., recycling wastes, establishing rain gardens, planting trees and shrubs to prevent flooding and erosion). NCES.5.P.1 - Understand force, motion and the relationship between them. NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers. - Illustrate how sound is produced by vibrating objects and columns of air. - Recognize that the earth is part of a system called the solar system that includes the sun (a star), planets, and many moons and the earth is the third planet from the sun in our solar system. - Compare the physical properties of samples of matter: (strength, hardness, flexibility, ability to conduct heat, ability to conduct electricity, ability to be attracted by magnets, reactions to water and fire). - Explain how minerals are identified using tests for the physical properties of hardness, color, luster, cleavage and streak. NCES.4.L.2 - Understand food and the benefits of vitamins, minerals and exercise. - Summarize the relationship between sound and objects of the body that vibrate - eardrum and vocal cords. - Recognize how energy can be transferred from one object to another. NCES.6.P.3 - Understand characteristics of energy transfer and interactions of matter and energy. NCES.1.E.1 - Recognize the features and patterns of the earth/moon/sun system as observed from Earth. Below you’ll find the Smithsonian and Carolina’s correlations to the North Carolina Science Essential Standards for grades K–8.

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