It doesn’t require frequent feeding. This option is best for sandy or loose soils, as it can cause compaction in clay. If you can keep the grub population to a minimum, the aggressive nature of zoysia will allow it to outgrow the damage from remaining grubs. In its optimal growing zones, this tough grass can deliver a beautiful, dense lawn with very little input from you. If you feel that chinch bugs may be contributing to your brown lawn, schedule a meeting with our lawn pest control technician, Joe. Meyer is more pest resistant than some other Z. japonica cultivars. This means herbicide manufacturers can develop broad-spectrum weed killers that target broadleaf weeds but are harmless to your lawn. Clay soils must be aerated and topdressed for grass to be able to absorb nutrients; whether they are nutrients from compost or from synthetic fertilizers. Follow the directions on the back of your seed bag to determine how much seed to plant. This cultivar was developed in California, and it is extremely drought-tolerant. Rent (or buy) a heavy-duty tiller. Dense, clay soil can hold on to large amounts of nitrogen due to the fact that water cannot drain freely into the subsoil. Consistent moisture will help produce weed-free coverage. Care for grass sprigs is the same as for plugs. Before you choose the cultivar for your lawn, research the varieties and cultivars that do well in your area. Here is the approach I use on our client's lawns: Taking those 4 steps should have your lawn rejuvenated in a few weeks. This prevents fungal infection. Sunday Lawn Care offers a lawn-safe weed killer derived from iron. Always mow when the lawn is dry, and mow lawns in humid climates at a shorter height to encourage evaporation. The thicker your stand of zoysia, the less space weeds have to germinate and take over. Each variety has been bred into different strains with various colors, durability, pest-resistance, cold-hardiness, and textures. You can do this by spraying a non-selective herbicide (not a pre-emergent) over your lawn at two-week increments after the lawn breaks dormancy. The grass and weeds will slowly die due to lack of sunlight, moisture, and airflow. In some climates, you may need to irrigate occasionally over the winter during extended dry periods. Average soils can support zoysia without much chemical intervention. This can give centipede grass an advantage if it creeps into your lawn, and it may take several rounds of sprays and manual removal before you gain control. While rust is rarely a real danger to your lawn, it is unsightly and it can get out of hand in humid climates. If you cannot control leaf spot by changing your maintenance practices, you may have to spray a fungicide. Zoysia Grass vs Bermuda Grass . Cavalier has a moderate pest resistance, but its aggressive nature is able to choke out most weeds. If you’d rather not use chemicals, check out Dandelion Doom (link to Sunday). If your lawn is comprised of zoysia or bermudagrass, the process begins with thoroughly raking out the browned or dead grass area created by pet urine. If … Rye grass can’t survive the heat of summer and will be overtaken by your Zoysia. One thing to note is that Zoysia grass establishes more slowly than some other warm season lawn grasses, but as it slowly grows it forms a very dense carpet of grass beneath that feels lush under foot. Most turf diseases are caused by poor irrigation and mowing schedules. Zoysia’s weak link is its cold tolerance. This is the definition of a low-maintenance grass; it has few problems under normal growing conditions. You can’t replant or plug these areas in fall but you can use the opportunity to kill and remove any perennial weeds or cool season grass weeds, such as fescue, that may have invaded these areas with a glyphosate product in fall or spring before embarking on the renovation process in late May. Your lawn will not suffer from going dormant. Before planting, make sure you have an irrigation plan to maintain consistent moisture for at least 6 weeks. Consistent cold stress can attract pests and diseases to your lawn, so if you find yourself constantly repairing winter damage, it may be time to invest in a more cold-hardy lawn. It has done wonderfully except that my dog and the neighbors dogs use it as a bathroom. Pull up a tuft of grass to inspect for chinch bugs. Plant plugs at the desired spacing across the lawn. She has an A.A.S. Spray fescue during the spring before zoysia comes out of dormancy. Moisture plays an important role in disease development. See Best Fertilizer For A Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter. Ironically, some of the best things about zoysia grass are also the things which make it a frustrating choice for a lawn. Hot, humid, sunny areas of the lawn can also cause disease, although it is easier to control. The lack of shade tolerance makes Empire more susceptible to brown patch; a fungus that thrives in humid, shady parts of the lawn. Zoysia needs 8-12 weeks of babying before it can withstand normal summer stresses. Before you plant the seed, make sure you have enough above-ground sprinklers to water the entire lawn 4 times per day for 3-6 weeks. Much like human breathing, it’s essential to healthy grass. Once your sprigs are planted, you need to water them immediately. Zoysia is an average grass that prefers average soil. The best way to cut zoysia is with a reel mower, because the leaves can be coarse and tough. Irrigate your lawn thoroughly the day before power raking. At this point, you should be able to resume a normal irrigation schedule, but keep a close eye on fresh sod and irrigate more often if necessary. Zoysia grass is known for its ability to stand up to heat, drought, heavy foot traffic and a variety of other challenges. This will encourage deep, healthy root growth. Long story short, it holds more moisture in the ground when in drought situations to help the grass stay healthy, and it's relatively inexpensive, too. Z. japonica is coarse and dense, so it can be difficult to mow. In most cases, dead plant material is good for the soil. It is also the most expensive way to establish a new lawn, but giving your lawn the best start possible can cut down on maintenance costs in the long run. While zoysia is considered a low-maintenance lawn, it still needs routine care and attention if you want a lush, weed-free carpet. While Z. matrella is aggressive, and can choke out most weeds, it takes a few years for this turf to become established. Mow in the afternoons when the blades are dry to prevent spreading the disease. Spread the sprigs across your lawn 6” apart, and press them into the soil with a roller. You should aerate only after you’re certain that you’re not in danger of frost. Plugs are 2”-4” cores of sod with a root system, rhizomes, stolons, and leaves. To learn more read Will Zoysia Choke Out Fescue? You can also use a rotary mower, but you should sharpen the blades once a month during the growing season. Zeon is a deep green, soft turf with vigorous growth. Option 2: Spread the sprigs across your lawn and till them in on a shallow setting. Soils that are low in nitrogen are usually loose, sandy soils that can’t retain water. As compared to zoysia grass, which is a warm season grass, Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) is a hot weather grass that grows aggressively in Southern states.Because of its fast growth rate, Bermuda grass needs more of everything than zoysia grass does: more water, more fertilizer, and more frequent mowing. WATERING. While zoysia is often advertised as a low-maintenance turf, this is only true under favorable growing conditions. WEED CONTROL. Care Of Established Zoysia Grass Lawns Diseases In Zoysia Varieties Some Zoysia varieties are subject to dollar spot, leaf spot, brown patch and rust. Shade tolerance. Grubs are the larvae of Japanese beetles, and they feed on grass roots from July-September before they morph into adults. Product recommendations not personally owned are based on the author’s knowledge of the company, product, reliability, and reputation. Crabgrass is an annoying, creeping, annual grass that can quickly invade lawns, flower beds, and vegetable gardens. Aerating the lawn is always beneficial when the grass is growing. A slow-release fertiliser works fine in delivering the medium quantity of nitrogen Zoysia turfs need. Zoysia is an aggressive grower, so most lawns can fully recover after a full growing season. Plugs fill in faster than sprigs, so this may only take a few weeks depending on the initial spacing. However, compacted soil is never an ideal growing condition for grass. Sydney has over 15 years of experience in lawn maintenance, landscape design, and organic gardening. The more you mow, the more you will trigger the roots to develop deep, dense root systems that will help them survive the winter. Consider a natural lawn fertilizer if you have pets and children playing in the yard. As the green returns and the summer rains get re-started, you can back the irrigation times up and begin fertilizing for the fall. If you have consistent pest problems, spray preventative pesticides each spring and fall, depending on the pest’s lifecycle. Zoysia can handle low nitrogen, but it may lose its deep green color and appear more yellow. It is also able to hold on to more moisture, which can help prevent drought stress and encourage nutrient uptake. However, you will want to make a new, separate compost pile and only use this compost in areas where you don’t mind some weed seeds or a few sprigs of old lawn grass coming back. For instance, its slower rate of growth means that it is low maintenance, but it can be tough to repair damaged sections. You do not have to till the soil into dust. All living matter is … Zoysia grass grows best in USDA planting zones 6-11. The answer is, not much. Sod is the best way to get a weed-free, full-coverage new zoysia lawn. Urine damage water a patch of grass that is suffering from dead spots this summer the... 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