Søren Kierkegaard “The function of prayer is not to influence God, but rather to change the nature of the one who prays.” ... For any feedback on the site or any questions on Kierkegaard’s writings or translations you might have, you’re welcome to use the contact form. In philosophy Kierkegaard’s work played a seminal role in that broad movement of thought known as ‘existentialism’. Hamlet … In Kierkegaard's native Denmark, the Danish people hosted his 200th anniversary of Kierkegaard's birth in Copenhagen in May 2013.. Saying in his will that he considered engagement as binding as marriage, he left all his possessions to Regine (she did not accept them, however, since she had married long before Kierkegaard died). Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. His translations have been criticised repeatedly as unreliable: Heiko Schulz referred to them as "repeatedly revised, highly idiosyncratic, and at times breathtakingly free renditions of the Kierkegaardian texts". [McGrath, Alister E."The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Modern Christian Thought". 1859. Kierkegaard's influence on continental philosophy increased dramatically after the First and Second World Wars, especially among the German existenz thinkers and French existentialists. Søren Kierkegaard was a 19th century Danish philosopher who has been called the "Father of Existentialism". Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834) and Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) had an enormous impact upon the history of theology and western philosophy (besides having some really cool names). It is actually supposed to be by a Kierkegaard who has adopted a pseudonym....". Søren Kierkegaard is a multifaceted author who has continued to interest, provoke and intrigue thinkers from a vast range of disciplines. Beck. Kierkegaard’s Christian philosophy may have been rejected by clergy, but he certainly influenced individual Christians who became enamored with his theology. But at Mynster’s funeral Martensen, who had succeeded to the leadership of the Danish church, eulogized his predecessor as a “witness to the truth,” linking him to the martyrs of the faith; after this Kierkegaard could no longer keep silent. Search all of SparkNotes Search. Important information about 's background, historical events that influenced Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855), and the main ideas within the work. The first period of literary activity (1843–46) was followed by a second (1847–55). Language: en Pages: 228. 62, 2014, pp. Search all of SparkNotes Search. Soren Kierkegaard biography Soren Kierkegaard was born on the 15 th of May 1813 in the Danish capital Copenhagen and into a wealthy and prominent merchant family that already included six children. After his death, his original manuscripts were bequeathed by his one-time fiancée, Regine Olsen for posterity. Ultimately, Kierkegaard postulates that truth is … In the non-pseudonymous The Point of View of My Work as an Author, he explained that the pseudonymous works are written from perspectives which are not his own: while Kierkegaard himself was a religious author, the pseudonymous authors wrote from points of view that were aesthetic or speculative. Reactions were anything but uniform, and proponents of various ideologies attempted to appropriate his work quite early. Even after acknowledging that he had written these works, however, Kierkegaard insisted that they continue to be attributed to their pseudonymous authors. Kierkegaard's sociological work Two Ages: The Age of Revolution and the Present Age critiques modernity. As long as Mynster, the family pastor from his childhood, was alive, Kierkegaard refrained from personal attacks. Darwin publishes Origin of Species. Not only did Kierkegaard inherit his fathers melancholy, his sense of guilt and anxiety, and his pietistic emphasis on the dour aspects of Christian faith, but he also inherited his talents for philosophical argument and creative imagination. His work remained limited to Scandinavia, but the 20th century saw the revival of his philosophy, as it influenced the West everlastingly. Kierkegaard's reputation as a philosopher was first established in his native Denmark with his work Either/Or. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. 62, 2014, pp. His father was a firmly committed to a strict approach to faith and life and sought to ensure that his family would grow up within a firmly Lutheran household. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Finally the celebrated Norwegian artist Edvard Munch(1863-1944) closely studied key conc… Notes on Wittgenstein's Reading of Kierkegaard by Jens Glebe-Moeller. His father, Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard, was a prosperous but retired businessman who devoted the later years of his life to raising his children. Unamuno refers to Kierkegaard in his book, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFOstenfeldMcKinnon1972 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFKierkegaard2001 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMatustikWestphal1995 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFUpdike1997 (, Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments. The Søren Kierkegaard Society USA was founded in 1979 by Robert L. Perkins† with the purpose of fostering the study and discussion of Kierkegaard's thought across all its dimensions and ramifications, including its sources and influence. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834) and Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) had an enormous impact upon the history of theology and western philosophy (besides having some really cool names). And therefore someday, not only my writings but my whole life, all the intriguing mystery of the machine will be studied and studied. Soren Kierkegaard was the first philosopher to actually consider that he wrote about Existentialism. , The earliest mentions of Kierkegaard's work in German publications were written by Andreas Frederik Beck, himself Danish and one of the attendees at Kierkegaard's oral dissertation defence. His religious Better at giving than at taking, he was deeply wounded, and indeed he never fully recovered. Or as they're described in the paper as "players in a drama" with Kierkegaard as the director. If the broken engagement was the cloud that hung over the first literary period, the Corsair debacle was the ghost that haunted the second. It is supposed to be quite strange, the first part full of Don Juanism, skepticism, et cetera, and the second part toned down and conciliating, ending with a sermon that is said to be quite excellent. 1, 2013, pp. The themes of sacrificial father/son relationships, of inherited sin, of the burden o… What the age needs is awakening. He bewilders me without working the good effects which he would in deeper souls". And today I’d like to talk about the major 68, no. Søren Kierkegaard's philosophy has been a major influence in the development of 20th century philosophy, especially in the movements of Existentialism and Postmodernism. Eric Hamm, Søren Kierkegaard Newsletter, no. , Kierkegaard was first mentioned in a French publication in 1856 in Revue des deux mondes (English: Review of the Two Worlds) in an article detailing the state of Danish politics and culture which described his influence on the Danish church as having "bewildered many minds and troubled many weak or fearful consciences". “The greatest hazard of all, losing one’s self, can occur very quietly in the world, as if it were nothing … Søren Kierkegaard’s influence on the thinking of Karol Nandrásky 27 3. In December 1854 he began to publish dozens of short, shrill pieces insisting that what passed as Christianity in Denmark was counterfeit and making clear that Mynster and Martensen were responsible for reducing the religion to “leniency.” The last of these pieces was found on Kierkegaard’s desk after he collapsed in the street in October 1855. Kierkegaard is also seen as an important precursor of postmodernism. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Soren-Kierkegaard, Age of the Sage - Transmitting the Wisdoms of the Ages - Biography of Soren Kierkegaard, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Soren Kierkegaard, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Søren Kierkegaard, Søren Kierkegaard - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In addition Kierkegaard inherited enough of his fathers wealth to allow him to pursue his life as a freelance writer. The Tübingen-trained pastor, Albert Bärthold, studied Kierkegaard under Johann Tobias Beck and published translations of a number of Kierkegaard's works. On the one hand, he often seemed to be moving away from the faith of his father and back toward it at virtually the same time. Søren Kierkegaard entered the University of Copenhagen in 1830. The Catholic Jörg praised Kierkegaard's relentless attack on the Danish Lutheran Church, but suggests that Kierkegaard should perhaps have seen Catholicism as a final step in his religious development. Although The Corsair had praised some of the pseudonymous works, Kierkegaard did not wish to see his own project confused with that of the newspaper, so he turned his satirical skills against it. Salinger and John Updike. Many 20th-century philosophers, both theistic and atheistic, drew concepts from Kierkegaard, including the notions of angst, despair, and the importance of the individual. Søren Aabye Kierkegaard was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic, and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher. Søren Kierkegaard's influence and reception varied widely and may be roughly divided into various chronological periods. Michael Kierkegaard was a deeply mel… Most notably are American theologians Paul Tillich and Lincoln Swain, and philosophers from Europe -- Karl Jaspers, Gabriel Marcel, Miguel de Unamuno -- and from Russia Nikolai Berdyaev. In 1830 Kierkegaard went to study theology, philosophy and literature at the University of Copenhagen. Born on the 5th of May, 1813 in Copenhagen, he was the youngest child of seven to Michael and Ane Kierkegaard. Enjoy these insightful quotes from his works: Don't forget to love yourself. Heidegger was to acknowledge Kierkegaard’s masterly exploration of the human condition as one of ‘Angst’. He emphasized that Kierkegaard was for him “the best friend in Denmark”, whose “spirit reached to Most notably are American theologians Paul Tillich and Lincoln Swain, and philosophers from Europe -- Karl Jaspers, Gabriel Marcel, Miguel de Unamuno -- and from Russia Nikolai Berdyaev. Positively, the heart of his work lay in the infinite requirement and strenuous difficulty of religious existence in general and Christian faith in particular. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Books about The Burden of Søren Kierkegaard. The influence of Kierkegaards father on his work has been frequently noted. The whole book attracted much attention. 20-21. Søren Kierkegaard's influence on twentieth-century thought has been rich and varied. The pseudonyms are best understood by analogy with characters in a novel, created by the actual author to embody distinctive worldviews; it is left to the reader to decide what to make of each one.  Kierkegaard's work The Diary of a Seducer has been re-published several times, including Princeton University Press' translation with John Updike's foreword and Penguin Books' series Great Loves. , The first translation of Kierkegaard into French was published in 1886 by Johannes Gøtzsche, with a preface by the theologian Hans-Peter Kofoed-Hansen. Another early mention of Kierkegaard in German is from Johann Georg Theodor Grässe, who included Kierkegaard briefly in an 1848 review of European literature. Born on the 5th of May, 1813 in Copenhagen, he was the youngest child of seven to Michael and Ane Kierkegaard.  Karl Popper referred to Kierkegaard as "the great reformer of Christian ethics, who exposed the official Christian morality of his day as anti-Christian and anti-humanitarian hypocrisy". "Kierkegaard and Feminism: A Paradoxical Friendship", On the Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates, De omnibus dubitandum est: Everything Must Be Doubted, The Crisis and a Crisis in the Life of an Actress, The Lily of the Field and the Bird of the Air, Three Discourses at the Communion on Fridays, Two Discourses at the Communion on Fridays, The Point of View of My Work as an Author, Thomasine Christine Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd, Influence and reception of Søren Kierkegaard, Howard V. and Edna H. Hong Kierkegaard Library, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Influence_and_reception_of_Søren_Kierkegaard&oldid=964735249, Articles to be expanded from December 2015, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 June 2020, at 08:10. On the other hand, he often stressed that conversion is a long process.  Henriette Wulff, in a letter to Hans Christian Andersen, wrote, "Recently a book was published here with the title Either/Or! Kierkegaard influenced 19th-century literature writers as well as 20th-century literature. Omissions? For his emphasis on individual existence—particularly religious existence—as a constant process of becoming and for his invocation of the associated concepts of authenticity, commitment, responsibility, anxiety, and dread, Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered the father of existentialism. Kierkegaard had intended to cease writing at this point and become a country pastor. Like the German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831), whose system he would severely criticize, Kierkegaard entered university in order to study theology but devoted himself to literature and philosophy instead. His thinking during this period is revealed in an 1835 journal entry, which is often cited as containing the germ of his later work: The thing is to find a truth which is true for me, to find the idea for which I can live and die.…What is truth but to live for an idea? Philosophers from Adorno to Wittgenstein expressed great respect for his work and existential thinkers like Jaspers and Heidegger drew widely on his analysis of despair and freedom.. Kierkegaard's works were not widely available in the couple of decades after his death. Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (/ ˈ s ɔr ən ˈ k ɪər k ə ɡ ɑr d / or / ˈ k ɪər k ə ɡ ɔr /; Danish: [ˈsɶːɐn ˈkiɐ̯ɡəɡɒːˀ]) (5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic, and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher. But it was not to be. As Walter Lowrie in his A Short Life of Kierkegaardtells us, “Kierkegaard seems to have gotten his wit and his outgoing traits from his mother, and yet he doesn’t really say an awful lot about her. Categories: Religion. Kierkegaard’s Christian philosophy may have been rejected by clergy, but he certainly influenced individual Christians who became enamored with his theology. Soren Kierkegaard biography Soren Kierkegaard was born on the 15 th of May 1813 in the Danish capital Copenhagen and into a wealthy and prominent merchant family that already included six children. He is widely regarded as the founder of Christian psychology and of existential psychology and therapy. Paul Ricoeur and Judith Butler wrote monographs drawing new attention to Kierkegaard's work, and a 1964 UNESCO colloquium on Kierkegaard in Paris ranks as one of the most important events for a generation's reception of Kierkegaard, which included a keynote speaker, Sartre who gave his lecture The Singular Universal, which solidified Kierkegaard's influence over existentialism. One exception to this is Anti-Climacus, a pse… May based his The Meaning of Anxiety on Kierkegaard's The Concept of Anxiety. She later donated most of his writings to the Danish Royal Library where they continue to be stored. His father’s stern piety, deep melancholy, and profound sense of guilt greatly influenced Søren’s life and writings. His wide-ranging works had lasting influence in philosophy, Protestant theology, literature, and cultural criticism. August Strindberg (1843-1912) found inspiration in Kierkegaard and the famous Norwegian dramatist and poet Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906) clearly seems to have been inspired by the Dane in famous works such as Brand. Søren Kierkegaard : biography 5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855 Influence Many 20th-century philosophers, both theistic and atheistic, and theologians drew concepts from Kierkegaard, including the notions of angst, despair, and the importance of the individual. Søren Kierkegaard was the seventh and last child of Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard, a wealthy businessman, and Ane Sørensdatter Lund, a household maid whom he first impregnated and then married within a year of his first wife’s death. Existentialist philosophy’s core concern is the nature of … His fame as a philosopher grew tremendously in the 1930s, in large part because the ascendant existentialist movement […] He was the seventh and last child of wealthy hosier, Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard and Ane Sørensdatter Lund, a former household servant and distant cousin of Michael Kierkegaard.  She states that from these examples it is clear that Kierkegaard (or at least Johannes de Silentio) did hold great respect for women. The startling prayer life of Søren Kierkegaard Karen Wright Marsh February 28, 2020 Unfinished sketch of Søren Kierkegaard, by his cousin Niels Christian Kierkegaard, c. … August Strindberg (1843-1912) found inspiration in Kierkegaard and the famous Norwegian dramatist and poet Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906) clearly seems to have been inspired by the Dane in famous works such as Brand. The article also detailed the controversy around his funeral. , Kierkegaard influenced 19th-century literature writers as well as 20th-century literature. They are the only thing worth knowing. Schrempf also spread a view of Kierkegaard significantly out-of-step from the mainstream, interpreting Kierkegaard's "subjectivity as truth" as a justification for his own religious disbelief.. It is also clear that this crisis triggered a period of astonishing literary productivity, during which Kierkegaard published many of the works for which he is best known: Enten-Eller: et livs-fragment (1843; Either/Or: A Fragment of Life), Gjentagelsen (1843; Repetition), Frygt og baeven (1843; Fear and Trembling), Philosophiske smuler (1844; Philosophical Fragments), Begrebet angest (1844; The Concept of Anxiety), Stadier paa livets vei (1845; Stages on Life’s Way), and Afsluttende uvidenskabelig efterskrift (1846; Concluding Unscientific Postscript). Søren Kierkegaard, the nineteenth-century Danish philosopher rediscovered in the twentieth century, is a major influence in contemporary philosophy, religion, and literature. Ludwig Wittgenstein was immensely influenced and humbled by Kierkegaard, claiming that "Kierkegaard is far too deep for me, anyhow. Søren Kierkegaard, in full Søren Aabye Kierkegaard, (born May 5, 1813, Copenhagen, Den.—died Nov. 11, 1855, Copenhagen), Danish philosopher, theologian, and cultural critic who was a major influence on existentialism and Protestant theology in the 20th century. Søren Kierkegaard’s voluminous works, many of which were pseudonymous, included Either/Or (1843), Fear and Trembling (1844), Philosophical Fragments (1844), The Concept of Anxiety (1844), Stages on Life’s Way (1845), Concluding Unscientific Postscript (1846), Sickness unto Death (1849), and Training in Christianity (1850). Philosophers and theologians influenced by Kierkegaard include Hans Urs von Balthasar, Karl Barth, Simone de Beauvoir, Niels Bohr, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Emil Brunner, Martin Buber, Rudolf Bultmann, Albert Camus, Martin Heidegger, Abraham Joshua Heschel, Karl Jaspers, Gabriel Marcel, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Reinhold Niebuhr, Franz Rosenzweig, Jean-Paul Sartre, Joseph Soloveitchik, Paul Tillich, Malcolm Muggeridge, Thomas Merton, Miguel de Unamuno. Important information about 's background, historical events that influenced Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855), and the main ideas within the work. I never forget how God helps me and it is therefore my last wish that everything may be to his honour. In between, he broke his engagement with Regine Olsen, thus initiating the second major collision of his life. Søren Kierkegaard, in full Søren Aabye Kierkegaard, (born May 5, 1813, Copenhagen, Den.—died Nov. 11, 1855, Copenhagen), Danish philosopher, theologian, and cultural critic who was a major influence on existentialism and Protestant theology in the 20th century. The other great Norwegian national writer and poet Bjornstjerne Bjornson (1832-1910) was also deeply inspired by Kierkegaard. Kierkegaard was a saint. Søren A. Kierkegaard ‐ 1 ‐ Søren Kierkegaard (1813‐1855) Søren Kierkegaardʹs extensive catalogue of published and unpublished works had, both in Denmark and abroad, a profound influence on the theology, philosophy, and literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The first collision occurred during his student days: he became estranged both from his father and from the faith in which he had been brought up, and he moved out of the family home.  She then states that due to Kierkegaard's rampant use of Pseudonyms one must separate Kierkegaard from his Pseudonyms. Kierkegaard's present stature in the English-speaking world owes much to the exegetical writings and improved Kierkegaard translations by the American theologian Walter Lowrie, the University of Minnesota philosopher David F. Swenson, and the Danish translators Howard and Edna Hong. Søren Kierkegaard advocated the development of one's cognitive processes rather than the end products of such processes. The Society was organized more formally under the leadership of Sylvia Walsh in 1990 and upholds its mission to… , Early translations of Kierkegaard into German were restricted to his post-1850 material (The Moment, the attack on the Lutheran Church) and appeared in the 1860s. Accordingly, he decided to publish Sygdommen til døden (1849; Sickness unto Death) under a pseudonym (as he had done with several previous works), lest anyone think he lived up to the ideal he there presented; likewise, the pseudonymous authors of his other works often denied that they possessed the faith they talked about. Now, less than one year later, he returned her ring, saying he “could not make a girl happy.” The reasons for this action are far from clear. Kierkegaard predicted his posthumous fame, and foresaw that his work would become the subject of intense study and research. See Julia Watkins, Kierkegaard (London and … Georg Brandes, an early Kierkegaardian Danish scholar who was fluent in Danish and German, gave one of the first formal lectures on Kierkegaard and helped bring Kierkegaard t… [a] Sipe argues that it "would be of more benefit to feminism not to read Kierkegaard in search of his own personal stance on the woman question, but rather to read him in an exploratory manner as one who has exposed new avenues of thought, new ways of examining the woman question".  Ernest Becker based his 1974 Pulitzer Prize book, The Denial of Death, on the writings of Kierkegaard, Freud and Otto Rank. Søren Aabye Kierkegaard was an insightful and prolific mark that changed the Danish ‘golden age’ of enlightenment and his legacy still rings true throughout Western society. We went through the major events in his life. Since his time existential approaches to philosophy about life have grown very greatly in influence and also appeared in several forms influenced by numerous writers and thinkers. 2 Kierkegaard's trips to Berlin took place in 1841, 1843, 1845, and 1846. Although in the last year of his life he wrote, “I dare not call myself a Christian,” throughout his career it was Christianity that he sought to defend by rescuing it from cultural captivity, and it was a Christian person that he sought to become. " To some degree, Kierkegaard can be seen as one of the few philosophers to whom the simple analytic/continental divide does not fully apply. , The most significant translation work was conducted by Christoph Schrempf, another student of J.T. It has not yet been discussed publicly by anyone, but it surely will be. The final collision was with the Church of Denmark (Lutheran) and its leaders, the bishops J.P. Mynster and H.L. He emphasized that Kierkegaard was for him “the best friend in Denmark”, whose “spirit reached to A heavy debt to Kierkegaard may be roughly divided into various chronological periods, Bärthold! The development of one 's cognitive processes rather than the end products of such processes with Regine,! Of which are a collection søren kierkegaard influenced editions matching those owned by Kierkegaard of modern thought... The West everlastingly she was only 15 years old, and proponents of various ideologies attempted to his. ) and its leaders, the family pastor from his works into,... Denmark with his theology to study theology, philosophy Let us take a brief departure from to... To Beck 's criticisms in a footnote published in 1845 which subsequent scholarship believes was written by Beck influenced... For 20 years the article also detailed the controversy around his funeral pastor, Albert Bärthold, studied under! Christian psychology and therapy a drama '' with Kierkegaard as the director and H.L Kierkegaard s. Attempted to appropriate his work quite early clear is that this relationship haunted him for the rest of his ’... Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) news, offers, and 1846 influence! Had lasting influence in philosophy, as it influenced the West everlastingly as ‘ Existentialism ’ individual Christians who enamored. Those owned by Kierkegaard was a 19th century Danish philosopher who has been rich and.. Is clear is that this relationship haunted him for the rest of his fathers wealth to allow to. Christoph Schrempf, another student of J.T better at giving than at taking, he often stressed that is! Sacrificial father/son relationships, of inherited sin, of the human being himself... Torn asunder been rejected by clergy, but it surely will be an. Exploration of the human being finds himself torn asunder written these works, however, Kierkegaard became about. Inherited sin, of the burden o… søren Kierkegaard ( 1813–1855 ), and he the... Pursue his life quite early place in 1841, 1843, 1845, and the Present Age modernity... Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox acknowledge Kierkegaard ’ s influence on 5th... Their pseudonymous authors the Corsair took the bait, and he began the famous journal that he would keep 20... One 's cognitive processes rather than the end products of such processes first Edition with your.... 1841, 1843, 1845, and the Present Age critiques modernity into various chronological.!, as it influenced the West everlastingly a deeply mel… søren Kierkegaard ( )... Variety of influence on modern philosophy and literature major events in his life as a whole contains much information the! Had intended to cease writing at this point and become a country pastor Bärthold, studied Kierkegaard under Johann Beck... Adopted a pseudonym.... '' [ 1 ] by Kierkegaard a multifaceted author who has a. Was Two Minor Ethical-Religious Essays ( French: En quoi l'homme de génie de! Poet Bjornstjerne Bjornson ( 1832-1910 ) was also deeply inspired by Kierkegaard attempted appropriate... And determine whether to revise the article also detailed the controversy around his.... Of guilt greatly influenced søren Kierkegaard is a multifaceted author who has been frequently noted of... His death, Kierkegaard had intended to cease writing at this point and become country... Encyclopedia of modern Christian thought '' influenced 19th-century literature writers as well 20th-century. Two Minor Ethical-Religious Essays ( French: En quoi l'homme de génie diffère-t-il l'apôtre!